Ignition system

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Ignition System

Parts in EPC related to ignition system.

The W220 S Class series uses a twin-spark ignition coil with kV pickup (a test connector on each coil pack) and dual spark plugs per cylinder.

Warning: No tests such as holding an ignition HT Wire at a distance from ground and observing a spark must be performed.

Warning: Do not operate the ignition system at starting speed unless all of the HT Wires are connected.

Warning: Before working at cranking speed eg to check compression pressure, switch off ignition and disconnect Ignition Control Unit from 12V.

Spark Plugs

Parts

Make sure that the spark plugs are for the correct engine. The plugs listed above are for facelift S350 and S500.

  • Bosch FR8DPP33+.
BOSCH FR8DPP33+.

Service

  • M-B specifies replacement of plugs at every 100,000Km or 4 Years. Spark plug HT wires don't last much longer than that either.
  • The resistance of the spark plug (electrode to HT connector) is about 4.5K to 6K ohms.
  • There should be extremely high resistance between the electrode and the plug metal thread.
  • Set the spark plug electrode gap to 0.039” or 1mm.
  • Tightening torque 15 - 22 ftlbs or 20 - 30Nm.

Issues

  • Old spark plugs can show worn electrodes and a wider than specification gap.
  • Broken insulators are common during removal of seized OEM plugs.
  • Fouled spark plugs.
  • Corroded spark plug threads make it difficult to remove an old plug. Solution is to use high temperature anti-seize grease available from autoparts stores when re-installing new plugs.

Ignition Coils

The W220 uses a twin-spark ignition system for each cylinder and thus the V8 has eight ignition coils (or ignition plug packs).

W220 WIS Diagram Showing Spark Plug Pack Annotations.JPG

It is possible to perform basic tests on an ignition coil using a digital multi meter (DMM).

Each coil secondary resistance measured from the plug cable to any of the three pins in the input electrical connector is approximately 4.8 M Ω (Mega Ohms).

The cable circuit is isolated from ground thus the resistance between the cable pin and ground is infinity Ohms or open circuit.

Parts

Part no. A0001587303 (replaced by A0001587803).

A0001587803.

Issues

  • Burnt coil.
  • Cracked Pack.

Article on fixing a burnt coil pack, right bank, on cylinder 4 which threw the following codes:

  • P2050 Misfiring , Damages TWC (P0300) STORED
  • P2056 Misfiring of cylinder 4, damages TWC (P0304) STORED
  • P205B Misfiring of cylinder 8, damages TWC (P0308) STORED

Ignition Cables

Parts

The spark plug high tension (HT) wires come in sets of sixteen. The resistance for new plug wire is approximately 2.18K ohms.

Ignition cable.
BOSCH spark plug wire set.

For a W220 with Engine Number: 113.960 xxxx the lengths of the spark plug wires are as follows:

  • Cylinder - 1, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - L.
  • Cylinder - 1, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 2, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - H.
  • Cylinder - 2, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 3, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - K.
  • Cylinder - 3, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 4, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - K.
  • Cylinder - 4, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 5, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - H.
  • Cylinder - 5, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 6, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - K.
  • Cylinder - 6, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 7, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 7, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 8, Ignition Coil Port - a; HT wire size - G.
  • Cylinder - 8, Ignition Coil Port - b; HT wire size - K.

Where HT Wire Sizes (Tip to Tip) are (NB not in length sequence.):

  • G: 245mm
  • H: 290mm
  • K: 265mm
  • L: 315mm

Issues

  • Spark HT wires have a limited life.
  • The resistance element in the HT wires often fails or goes high resistance due to fatigue.
  • HT lead insulation can break down causing arcing to ground.
  • A special spark plug wire removal tool is available. It is a 17mm, open ended tool with a 25mm off-set and is made by JTC with part number J-1308. It can be found in eBay for $20.

Tools

JTC Spark Plug Wire Removal Tool J-1308.

The rubber boot on the HT Wire is difficult to remove from a spark plug even when using the special removal tool. Solution is to apply a small quantity of dielectric grease to the top conductor and the ceramic insulator when re-installing new plugs. This helps keep moisture away and stops corrosion. Makes it infinitely easier to remove the HT Wire boot.

Permatex 22058 Dielectric Tune-Up Grease.

A regular 5/8" (15.8mm) spark plug socket with a rubber insert works well for removing spark plugs. However the secret is to use a variety of extensions e.g., a short 74mm 3/8" drive extension on the tight spots in conjunction with a with swivel head.

Swivel extension and spark plug socket.

DIY Procedures

Replacing spark plugs and ignition wires

SPARK PLUGS AND WIRES REPLACEMENT
How to replace spark plugs and wires

Summary of contributions at references.

  • Step 1: Put Bonnet/Hood in Service Position

Push on the locks on the hinges at LH side and then the RH side and raise Bonnet/Hood to the Service Position.

  • Step 2: Remove the Air Intake Tubes
  • Step 3: Remove the Air Box
    • Remove Front Cover. First pull it up and slide it forward.
W220 Remove Air Box Front Cover.JPG
    • Pull the Air Box Back Cover forward and up.
W220 Remove Air Box Back Cover.JPG
  • Step 4: Remove Ignition Coil Packs and Spark Plug Wires
    • Identify Ignition Coil Packs on the Valve Covers. Mark appropriately and do not mix them as the leads are different lengths.
W220 WIS Diagram Showing Spark Plug Pack Annotations.JPG
W220 Ignition Coil Packs and HT Wires.JPG
    • Unhook electrical connectors on Coil Packs by squeezing in tabs and pull straight up.
W220 Removing Connectors on Ignition Coil Packs.JPG
    • Give the spark plug covers a slight tweak to rotate and loosen them a little first before attempting to lever them off. Use special tool to remove plug leads. When using a 17mm open ended spanner to pry off the spark plug covers, make sure you counter balance the leverage you're applying to ensure the cover comes off in line with the plug. Otherwise there's a tendency to push down on the cover which actually makes it very hard to remove.
    • Remove T30 Bolts that hold down the coil packs on the valve cover. One T30 Bolt per coil pack.
W220 One T30 Bolt Per Coil Pack.JPG
    • Remove Coil Pack and keep in correct order as the wire lengths are all different. Do not mix them up. (Mark with masking tape.)
  • Step 5: Remove Spark Plugs
    • Use an air ratchet with a swivel extension and a 3/8" drive 5/8" spark plug socket.
W220 Swivel Extension and Spark Plug Socket.JPG
  • Step 6: Add anti seize to new plug threads
    • Add some hi-temp anti-seize compound to the plug threads before installing. Just a little dab will do.
  • Step 7: Start New Plugs by Hand
    • Use socket with extension and start new plugs by hand to avoid cross threading.
      W220 Start New Spark Plugs by Hand.JPG
  • Step 8: Remove the Spark Plug Wires from Coil Packs
    • Just twist the Spark Plug Wires and pull straight out to remove from Coil Packs.
  • Step 9: Identify New Plug Wires
W220 Bosch Ignition Wire Set.JPG
    • Carefully observe new spark plug wire annotations. Sixteen Spark Plug Wires are labelled ‘A’, ‘B’.... ’O’, ‘P’.
These are the ‘G’ and ‘L’ Wires.
W220 ‘G’ and ‘L’ Spark Plug Wires.JPG
    • Carefully observe new ignition coil pack annotations which are labelled on the top.
Eg this coil pack has ‘a’ and ‘b’ marked on the top.
W220 Coil Pack marked a and b.JPG
    • Carefully observe valve cover annotations. The Valve Cover also has Coil Pack and Plug Wire Annotations for each cylinder.
W220 Valve cover annotations cylinder 5 H goes to a and G goes to b.
W220 Valve cover annotations cylinder 5 H goes to a and G goes to b.JPG
  • Step 10: Install Plug Wires on Spark Plugs
    • Put Plug Wires on before re-installing Coil Packs. Add dielectric grease or Silicon Spray to the plug end of the wires. This will make future plug changes easier and prevent any water problems.
    • Use the Special Tool to put pressure on the plug wire to push it all the way on the plug. Listen for a click as it goes on properly.
      W220 Reinstall plugs apply pressure and listen for click.JPG
  • Step 11: Re-install Ignition Coil Packs
    • Coil bolt is T-30, torque 71 in.lb. or 8Nm

Tips

  • Most new spark plugs come pre-gapped and specify torque on the box.
  • Always remove spark plugs on a stone cold engine or else risking stripping the threads.
  • Ensure ignition wires "click" back onto new plugs or risk cylinder misfire.
  • To save your back jack up the car front, or run up onto ramps the night before.
  • Time saver tip - if valve and breather cover gaskets need to be refreshed, combine with the spark plug change out. Do one side each day over the weekend.