WIS 27.00 Transmission - General

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Description - Transmissions General

Transmission Types

W220’s have two types of transmissions;

  • a five-speed (722.6) (actually five forward and one reverse gears) and
  • a seven-speed (722.9) (actually seven forward and two reverse gears).

The seven-speed (722.9) is also referred to as NAG 2 {Neues Automatische Getriebe 2} New Automatic Gearbox 2 or 7G-Tronic.

Some differences between the 722.6 (5 speed) and 722.9 (7 speed) are discussed in the Benz World Encyclopedia. In short, the 722.6 appears to be more robust and was retained in the 4Matic when M-B went to the 722.9 in the RWD W220 from 2004 and on.

Transmission Fluid Types

The 722.6 uses ... Edit required.

The 722.9 uses a newly-developed, suggested-use-only transmission fluid, referred to as ATF 3353. It promises a higher friction consistency, thermal stability, and temperature rating. ATF 3353 can also be used on previous model 722.3/.4/.5/.6 transmissions. This special ATF is available from Shell & Fuchs Europe oil suppliers.

Issues - Transmission General

Transmission Locked in Park

Identifying Pan Types

  • Early models use a non-bevelled pan with round indentations, a black overflow pipe and use 236.12 or 236.13 fluid measured at 35C.
W220 Early Non-Bevelled Pan, Round Indentations, Black Overflow Pipe.JPG
  • From August 2003, the 7G-Tronic or 722.9 NAG2 updated pan has a bevelled or sloping aft end with round indentations, a white overflow pipe and uses red 236.14 fluid measured at 45C.
W220 Style of 722.9 NAG2 Updated Bevelled Pan, Round Indentations, White Overflow Pipe.JPG

For the updated bevelled pan with round indentations, the overflow pipe length was increased.

W220 722.9 NAG2 Updated Bevelled Pan Overflow Pipe Length.JPG
  • After June 2010, the style of the 722.9 NAG2+ Pan has bevelled aft end with oval indentations and green overflow pipe and use blue 236.15 fluid measured at ??C.
W220 Style of 722.9 NAG2+ Bevelled Pan, Oval Indentations, Green Overflow Pipe.JPG

Dip Stick

The 722.9 or 7G-tronic seven speed automatic transmission does NOT have a dipstick, so checking fluid level via a dipstick is not possible. But, with a few quality tools a moderately competent person can service their own 722.9 transmission and check the level themselves and perform a complete fluid change as well.

Particles in a Transmission Filter

An excellent example of particles found in a M-B transmission filter was provided by FixEuro.com. Refer to: [1]

A short pictorial summary is provided here with acknowledgement to FixEuro.com. It demonstrates quite clearly why the transmission needs regular servicing.

Investigating Particles in a Transmission Filter 01.JPG
Investigating Particles in a Transmission Filter 02.JPG
Investigating Particles in a Transmission Filter 03.JPG
Investigating Particles in a Transmission Filter 04.JPG

Torque Converter Drain Plug

The torque converter drain plug was removed from the 722.6 transmissions in mid 1999 and consequently first generation 722.9 transmissions did not have one. It was reintroduced into the series again later, exactly when is TBD.

The author's 2003 (Update) W220 S500L 722.9 transmission does not have a torque converter drain plug, and the torque converter holds 4L of fluid which is nearly 50% of the total capacity. Thus just draining the old fluid from the pan and not the torque converter will severely contaminate any new fluid that is added.

The best solution to a thorough fluid change is flushing via the coolant lines in conjunction with a pan drop, filter change and refill via the overflow tube, and finally setting the correct fluid level using STAR to monitor the fluid temperature and the overflow method.

A DIY flushing system which changes the fluid in the torque converter and the transmission cooler is shown below.

Fluid Change in M-B Bulletin

In March of 2003, M-B released a bulletin re 722.6 and 722.9 transmissions, advising a one-time-only transmission fluid change at 64,000Km (40,000 miles). This is to remove any particles that may have accumulated during break-in.

With thanks to BenzWorld Member, atmsmshr, for the translation from German. Refer to [2].

PW Circular No. 44/05 NFZ No. 20/05 24.03.2005 To all Mercedes-Benz partner

Introduction of the gear oil change with automatic transmissions 722.6 and 722.9, as well as the Transfer case the 4MATIC models 203/211/220 once at 60,000 km.

Ladies and Gentlemen

An important criterion for customer satisfaction with automatic transmissions is the Shift quality. Not only in the more recent state of the transmission, but is constant over the entire life-cycle.

After the introduction of the optimized disk set in Converter lockup clutch (increasing the number of groove-72 in 02/2004) for Long-term stabilization of the shift quality, and the conversion of NAG1 on the NAG2 used oil, is the oil change is another step to optimize shift quality to the shift quality high even with high mileage on a hold level.

Through the unique oil change oil embedded particles are removed, the entry mostly in the first 40,000 km takes place and the comfort of the impairments have quality control, so can a one-off (and not rolling basis) Oil Change was determined.

An additional contribution to this the newly developed transmission oil ATF3353 (AO019894503) that we 722.9 since production start in automatic, this automatic transmissions fill of home.

In the transfer case of the 4MATIC models 203/211/220 when changing the oil comes 001 989 2303 used to the comfort of the own shadow 4MATIC system on too high hold level. Notwithstanding this is from the introduction of transmission 722.8 (Autotronic, model 169) all 60,000 km a gearbox oil change with the specially developed oil FUCHS ATF 28 (AOO19894603) perform.

For vehicles with ASSYST service position was already in the scope of maintenance recorded. We are the service leaves to the endorsement from VIN XXXXXXXXX to expand from WIS Update 5.3 is the corrected service leaves visible.

For vehicles with ASSYST Plus, the service will automatically position the service sheet inflicted by the maintenance computer. The necessary change in the records is only possible from record-release 09.2005.

Fluid Change in M-B Workshop Information System

Reference MB WIS document AP27.00-P-2702W "Automatic transmission - oil and filter change".

MB changed a few things. They added:

  • Shifting the car into neutral before servicing.
  • A new filter gasket is required now and can NOT be reused.
  • Draining the torque converter is required as part of the service now.

DIY - 722.6 Transmission Fluid Change

Click here [3]

DIY - 722.9 Transmission Fluid Change

Warning - DIY 722.9 Transmission Fluid Change

Given the information stated in the M-B Bulletin and for good practice, it is obviously a good idea to perform a regular transmission flush and service every 3 years or 80,000Km (50,000 miles).

A DIY fluid change system has been developed and tested and it is a relatively straight forward task but is not for the faint hearted as it requires considerable technical ability. Reference BenzWorld Member, G-AMG who stated,

"...this job is not for the average DIY'er. It requires a "Significant" number of Tools, including the STAR Computer, access to the LATEST WIS, which is AN ABSOLUTE **MUST** IN ORDER TO CORRECTLY ADJUST THE FLUID LEVEL!!!

Also, I will be *CLEAR*, there are MULTIPLE VARIATIONS of these Transmissions, you MUST VERY VERY CAREFULLY Research your exact Transmission, to ascertain WHICH procedure to use, and which Transmission FLUID to use. The latest transmissions use the New 236.15 Spec Fluid which is BLUE!!!!! This Fluid is ***NOT*** Back-Compatible!!!

This Post is for a 722.905 NAG2+ Box in a 2011 E350 (212.056), which was built AFTER the Latest/Greatest Update which was on June 21, 2010, so all vehicles after this date "Should" have the Green Overflow Pipe, and Beveled Pan. Again, *YOU MUST BE 100% POSITIVE* about your Transmission prior to starting the job.

ANOTHER *HUGE* CAVEAT!!- *DO NOT ATTEMPT THE "I'LL TAKE A LASER TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT OF THE PAN" TRICK TO GET THE OIL TEMPERATURE!!!" I have a nice, High-End Fluke Laser Thermometer, and what I was measuring at the Pan, and what STAR was Reporting. It was OFF by a much as 10°C! ***YOU MUST BE EXACTLY ON TARGET TEMP TO DO THIS JOB!***, and the Car must be **LEVEL**, so you will have to have it on 4 equal Ramps/Jack-Stands.

As you know, there is NO Dipstick to check the Fluid Level, and you "Pump" the Oil *UP* via the Drain-Hole. Instead, one needs to bring the oil Temp to a PRECISE temperature, and "Visually" evaluate the Flow of Oil out the Overflow Pipe. What an IDIOTIC way to do an automotive job!!! My "moderate flow" or "Drip pattern" may be waaaay different than the next guy's interpretation. It's quite a "Joke" in my mind... BUT!! You must change the fluid in these boxes, so you're STUCK!!"

Note because the flushing process is powered by the vehicle's own transmission pump, the dangers of over or under pressurising the system are eliminated.

WARNING Be warned in advance that the fluid level is checked via an overflow method using a MB STAR Diagnostic System monitoring the fluid at a specified temperature.

Parts - DIY 722.9 Transmission Fluid Change

A reasonably complete transmission service kit is available with SOME of the parts needed.

  • Transmission Service Kit with 9L M-B Fluid 2212770195KT1.
Transmission Service Kit MB 2212770195.png
  • Transmission Service Kit with 9L Febi or Shell Fluid 2212770195KT2.
Transmission Service Kit Shell ATF 134.jpg

Check the contents of these kits carefully and if necessary additional individual parts for the DIY transmission fluid and filter service can be obtained;

  • 9L 722.9 transmission fluid to meet Fluid Sheet specification 236.14, either genuine M-B 2212770195 or Titan ATF 4134.
  • 1L genuine M-B transmission fluid 0019896803 or Titan ATF 4134 needed as a reserve.
Transmission Fluid Titan ATF 4134.jpg
  • Transmission fluid filter 2212770195.
722.9 Transmission Fluid Filter.jpg
  • Transmission pan gasket 2202710380.
W220 Transmission Pan Gasket 2202710380.jpg
  • Set of 6 transmission pan bolts, either genuine M-B 0049903512 (hex drive) or 0049907512 (star drive). These oil pan screws are aluminium and they must be replaced after removal. Torque to 4Nm then rotate an additional 180 degrees.
W220 Transmission Pan Bolts Hex Head 0049903512.jpg
W220 Transmission Pan Bolts Star Head 0049907512.jpg
  • Transmission drain plug (not absolutely necessary).
W220 Transmission Drain Plug and Washer.jpg
  • Transmission drain plug washer 007603-012102. The seal ring for the drain plug must be replaced. The ring is a 12mm x 16mm x 1.5mm ring.
W220 Transmission Drain Plug Sealing Washer (Crush Ring).jpg
  • Transmission overflow pipe genuine M-B (White 2512710097) (Other colours TBD).
W220 Transmission Overflow Pipe White 2512710097.jpg
  • Torque converter drain plug with washer 001 990 11 17. (Not necessary unless you have the TC with drain plug.)
W220 Transmission Torque Converter Drain Plug and Washer.jpg
  • Drift/Mandrel for dislodging the transmission overflow pipe 722589031500. This special tool is used to release the transmission overflow pipe to allow fluid to drain before removing the pan.
Drift Mandrel Special Tool 72258903150.jpg
  • Filler Kit with M-B Adapter Assenmacher Specialty Tools ATF 1004-5 MB. Used for filling fluids in the 722.9 Automatic Transmissions using a 12mm x 1.5 adapter. The ATF 1004 MB set includes pump, container, hose, shut-off valve and the adapter ATF 129 applicable to Mercedes-Benz.
Mercedes Drive Line Filler Kit ATF 129.jpg
Assenmacher Specialty Tools Inc. 722.9 Drive Line Filler Adapter Part Number ATF 129.jpg
  • Cleaning and degreasing product. Necessary for thorough cleaning of the inside of the transmission pans and the magnets etc.

Identification of Transmission Pan

Before proceeding, please verify that you have the new updated pan. If not, make sure you have the updated pan in hand before proceeding. If necessary search for WIS document BT27.10-P-0006-01W "Oil pan and overflow tube modified" which states, "Whenever a transmission is removed for repairs, the earlier oil pan ...with the black overflow tube ...should be replaced by the new sloped-surface version ...with the white overflow tube." See Identifying Pan Types.

Description - 722.9 Transmission Cooling System

722.9 NAG2 7G-Tronic Transmission Cooling System Schematic.JPG

All trans fluid pumped from the pan goes through the filter first.

All the trans fluid flows through the cooler unless the solenoid valve ‘AD’ operates and bypasses fluid to the pan. The diagram shows it as a normally open valve. This means there are two paths for fluid to return to the trans pan;

  • via the AD solenoid and
  • via the trans cooler in the radiator.

What causes AD to operate is TBD. (My first assumption is that the Solenoid Valve AD may have something to do with controlling the temperature of the trans fluid during warm up, normal operation and overload operation. I can envisage the Trans ECU monitoring the fluid temperature (we know that is has at least one temperature sensor as the fluid must be at exactly 45°C for correct level setting using the overflow method) and using this value to warm the fluid as quickly as possible. Above about say 80°C all fluid should be pumped through the trans cooler located in the radiator.)

Because of the multiple return paths, installing a flush system in the trans coolant supply line will replace some dirty fluid but not necessarily all of it. If the solenoid valve AD is open during the flushing process, some fluid will bypass the flushing system. Unfortunately this doesn’t seem to be avoidable.

Location - 722.9 Transmission Cooling Lines

The location of a typical 722.9 transmission cooling lines are shown in the next diagram.

722.9 NAG2 7G-Tronic Transmission Location of Cooling Lines.JPG

Direction of Flow - 722.9 Transmission Cooling

On the W220 S500L with 722.9 Transmission, the trans cooler is located in the radiator and is mounted vertically on the right side of the radiator as seen from the driver's seat or the rear of the vehicle.

Rear view of radiator showing trans cooler ports

Rear view of W220 radiator showing trans cooler ports.jpg

The author has confirmed the Trans to Cooler Line which is connected to the Transmission Housing on the right side and leaves the Radiator at the bottom right corner is the Return Line. Consequently the Trans to Cooler Line which is connected to the Transmission Housing on the left side and enters the Radiator at the top right corner is the Supply Line.

722.9 NAG2 7G-Tronic Transmission Cooling System Direction of Flow

722.9 NAG2 7G-Tronic Transmission Cooling System Direction of Flow.JPG

On the author's W220 2003 (Update) 722.9 Transmission the Trans to Cooler Supply Line is in two separate parts and has a convenient connector installed, see Blue Star in diagram above. The DIY Flushing System design utilises this convenient and easily accessible connection to install the flushing system.

Supply Line Intermediate In-line Connection.jpg

Design Outline - DIY Transmission Flushing System

This DIY Transmission Flushing System was designed particularly for servicing a W220 2003 Update S500L (Long Wheel Base Sedan) with;

  • Transmission: 722.9 (722 901 00 003 799) (7 forward and 2 reverse gears) (Build Code 427 AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION 7-SPEED),
  • Chassis Number: 220.175,
  • Engine Number: 113.960.

The DIY Flushing System may be of use on other vehicles but will likely need minor adaptation, particularly as to how it is connected into the vehicle.

The design of the flushing system was based on the excellent contributions by BenzWorld Members;

  • G-AMG, a Photo DIY- 722.905 "7G Tronic NAG 2+ Transmission Oil/Filter Change”,
  • johnand (John Anderson), a write up of his DIY service procedure for a 2007 C230SS and,
  • pinkster (Dean), a very clever home made flushing system.

Most professional transmission fluid exchange machines use a bladder type system to hold the new fluid (usually about 16L). In operation the old fluid flowing from the pump to the transmission cooler is interrupted and the equipment inserted into the loop. The old fluid supplies the hydraulic force to exchange the old fluid for the new. Sometimes they supplement the pressure with a low pressure pump. The new fluid is returned to the pan, where it flows through the filter first, then into the pump, valve body, torque converter etc.

This DIY design opens the trans to cooler supply line (left side) and using appropriate brass couplings and reinforced vinyl hoses, connects in the home made flush system as shown. The new fluid container is preloaded with say 4L of new trans fluid and the old fluid container captures the expelled fluid. The DIY System can be stopped and refilled (and emptied) and restarted as often as is needed.

The next diagram shows the DIY 722.9 Transmission Flushing System Connected to the vehicle.

722.9 NAG2 7G-Tronic Transmission DIY Flushing System Connection Diagram

722.9 NAG2 7G-Tronic Transmission DIY Flushing System Connection Diagram.JPG

When the engine is started the transmission pump will push the hot and dirty fluid (BROWN ARROW) from the transmission pan through the transmission filter, then the valve body including the torque converter, and then into the Flushing System Dirty/Old Fluid Container. The displaced air (WHITE ARROW) transfers to the Flushing System New Fluid Container thus pushing the new clean fluid (PINK ARROW) through the Flushing System In-line Filter and into the transmission cooler, then the return line (GREEN ARROW) and back into the transmission pan.

Theoretically no fluid should be lost in the process.

The flushing should be stopped when the preloaded new clean fluid is expended or the colour of the dirty/old fluid looks clean, preferably the latter.

The detailed DIY Flushing System Design is shown here.

Method - DIY Transmission Flushing System

Method 1: Vehicles WITHOUT a torque converter drain plug.

If using the DIY Flushing System it is important to track the quantity of fluid removed from the transmission and put back in. It is very easy to "get lost" during the process so it pays to carefully track the in and out fluid quantities. A table is suggested to aid in this process and has been found to be very helpful.

The final fill level is set using an overflow technique and a STAR SDS or DAS to set the transmission fluid at the correct temperature.

DIY Transmission Service W220 WITHOUT TC Drain Plug.

A printable pdf version of this technique is available here, see Post #39 at [4]

Method 2: Vehicles WITH a torque converter drain plug.

DIY Transmission Service W220 WITH TC Drain Plug.

A printable pdf version of this technique is available here, see Post #39 at [5]

DIY Transmission Fluid Change and Oil Cooler Flush - Video

BenzWorld Member Scott Elliott has produced an excellent video showing an automatic transmission fluid change and oil cooler flush on a W204 but it is very relevant to the W220.